"MongoDB vs MySQL" The Differences
The recent era is witnessing the heights of tech benefits and innovations on a shift note. The organizations are finding it difficult to choose the best database for the contemporary application they build in. After the mediation of relational databases picking complexities and challenges has also raised the bar, the article tries to picture the choices and comparisons made out of MongoDB and MySQL (MongoDB vs MySQL).
MySQL is a strict choice for the companies who want to get benefitted by the relational database but this scenario changed when the non-relational database like MongoDB came as a blessing for the enterprises handling large data sets. And, this ongoing competition needs huge attention to drive out the best for the best opportunity.
Let's check out the best opportunities and comparisons to be followed for the modern application to meet the standards.
MySQL - Knowledge On The Term
The book definition of MySQL goes like this “an open-source relational database which is based on structure query language(SQL)”. SQL the most popular language to access, add, remove, edit, and modify the content in the database. The existence of the MySQL database might surprise you as it’s been in the revolution since 1995 and the database management system is currently owned by Oracle.
In MySQL, the user can pre-define the database scheme in accordance with the requirements to bring the formulates that can rule the relevant field in the table.
Some of the Major Benefits of MySQL
- MySQL is easy to use database suitable for all grades of business.
- The key benefits of using MySQL is its grade up performance. It manages the huge subset functionality of the most comprehensive and strong database packages.
- It’s cordial with the most recognized language of web development PHP.
MySQL database is written in C and C++ language and composes binaries for Windows, OS X, Linux, HP-US, etc.
MySQL on Big Giant Leap: NASA, Youtube, Spotify, Netflix, Twitter, PayPal, and many.
MongoDB - Knowledge On The Term
MongoDB a non-relational DB that is typically known as No-SQL utilizes a document-oriented DB model that handles different forms of data. MongoDB talks began in early 2007 but the first version came into existence in 2010.
Users can create and add new files into the document without touching the rest document available in the collection. As the central system catalog doesn’t demand any update the user need not take the system to the offline mode.
MongoDB has the trait of mapping the object naturally in the application mode, and this makes the point clear for the developer to master it.
Some of the Major Benefits of MongoDB
- As it can run over multiple servers, it manages smoothly even when the load is high by balancing the load among the servers.
- It supports ad hoc queries like field or range queries.
- The schema-less data makes the document to have as many keys and values as you want with no restrictions on the type of data.
MongoDB on Big Giant Leap: Zendesk, Hootsuite, Sony, Foursquare, and more.
The Comparison Battle
Data Structure - MongoDB vs MySQL
One needs to define the tables and columns before storing data in MySQL, also, every row in the table should follow the same column and this lacks the flexibility in storing data if normalization is followed.MongoDB has no restriction on schema design, users can drop a few couples of documents in the collection and there is no demand to have any connection between those documents. Here the only restriction comes in, is the supporting data structures.
Scanning - MongoDB vs MySQL
It is known that both the MySQL and MongoDB use indexes to find the data, and the difference arises in the approach they adopt when the data is not found.
The database engine scans the entire table to pull out the relevant row and for the large set of rows index optimization is carried out.
Whereas, in MongoDB, every single document in the collection is scanned in order to identify and highlight the document containing the requested query.
Query Language - MongoDB vs MySQL
MySQL uses Structured Query Language to communicate with the database, and this powerful language composed mainly of data definition language (DDL) and data manipulation language (DML).
In contradiction to the MySQL, MongoDB is an unstructured query language. In order to build a query in the JSON document, one has to designate the document with properties they wish the result to match. Also, it is usually executed with operators linked with each other using JSON where MongoDB treats every property as having implicit boolean AND, and to achieve the boolean OR we must use special operator $or sign.
Speed and Performance - MongoDB vs MySQL
When it comes to dealing with large data sets MySQL speed is low compared to MongoDB, MySQL finds it difficult to handle the large and unstructured amount of data. Since MongoDB stores entity documents on a single document, it has good control over the large volume of unrestricted data.
Security - MongoDB vs MySQL
MySQL authenticated users can benefit from a database like INSERT, UPDATE, SELECT, and CREATE. And here the security model is completely based on privilege.
Auditing & Authentication and Authorization are the major features of MongoDB, and also users find it easy to use transport layer security (TLS) and secure sockets layer (SSL) for encryption of ends. MongoDB can have control over the variable sets of privileges.
Usage - MongoDB vs MySQL
If your looking for something that can handle unstable schema and large volumes of data with almost fast and instant data recovery than MongoDB will be the perfect solution.
Even MongoDB will be a wise choice for business services based on cloud and this is because of native scale-out architecture.
If your business is fresh and doesn’t need much data handling or if your data structure stays firm for a longer period of time than MySQL can be a great deal.
Also, if data security is your priority and you have a fixed schema then bank on to MySQL.
To end the debate!
Organizations are slightly migrating from MySQL to MongoDB for a quite good reason. MongoDB is preferred over MySQL for the fast development of applications and dealing with a later set of data. I hope the article gave its best in delivering the choices and comparisons, feel free to talk to our database experts to clarify your queries.