December 4, 2020
One of the most privileged comforts that the technology revolution has made possible is that any individual irrespective of their domain can gain knowledge on any of their interested subject. This allows having a little shuffle in the predefined client and developer activities. It is not that the clients should be solely concerned with the performance of the application while the choice of technology is only the developers’ business but it’s that both can make their right choice out of the popular tech stacks based on their requirements.
Saying so, tech stacks are the bread and butter of a website that is responsible for both the functioning and development of an application across all platforms. The leading applications such as Uber, Swiggy, Facebook, Instagram are the best examples of applications that use the most desirable combination of popular tech stacks in their particular domain. Also, it’s high time to know more about the popular tech stacks as companies nowadays, spend considerable time in selecting the right technology stack for their app development projects.
In this article let’s walk through various technology stacks that are used for web application development and get an insight to decide on the right tech stack for your project.
Tech stacks are a set of software tools, technologies, programming languages, and frameworks that work together and play a fundamental role to build digital products or solutions such as websites, mobile, and web applications.
Two basic elements comprise a complete tech stack i.e. frontend or the client/user side of the website and backend or the server-side. A set of technologies are clubbed together on both these ends to create interactive user-friendly interfaces along with appropriate databases.
Let’s know a little deeper about the tech stack components and services.
– The frontend i.e client or user side of the application majorly focuses on delivering an exceptional user experience.
– Ranging from the text, spacing, images, and even that little notification button placed at the corner developers here are responsible for developing a fully functional, engaging, and attractive UI/UX interface.
Two principal elements contribute towards a front-end stack:
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
– The markup language gets responsible for designing, structuring, and placement of the content sections, headings, paragraphs, images, and links on the front-end of web pages.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
– This technology is responsible for the overall presentation of the web page including its layout, background color, font styles, sizes, animation, and visual effects.
– Developers consider Bootstrap, an open-source CSS framework to develop the majority of responsive and mobile-first web applications. From changing the color of any element when the mouse hovers over it to featuring animations the comprehensive library provides all features.
– The back-end or server-side of the application is never seen by the user and works as a combination of programming languages and software programs.
– The back-end side of an app comprises servers that provide necessary information to the front-end and supports all the users of that application.
– For instance, the back-end tech stack such as the LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP) facilitates better data access and user authentication on web applications.
The four basic elements that back-end tech stack comprises:
– Generally, these frameworks support the applications based on a single programming language. A few of the popular frameworks that are used today are Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails.
– Backend servers such as Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server are used for managing client requests including forms, inputs, search requests, etc. on the website.
– The application data gets their digital storage space through databases and the commonly used databases are MongoDB, PostgreSQL, and MySQL.
All of these elements get built on top of one another, more like a stack of building blocks therefore called a tech STACK. They also work in coordination with each other to give the best results to an awesome website or application.
The MEAN Stack
This database management system offers a cross-platform functioning for your applications. It allows the application to work on multiple operating platforms i.e.Windows, Linux, macOS, etc.
ExpressJS acts as the backend framework for your application letting you develop secure and fast applications.
This works on the front-end framework and helps reduce the efforts on manual coding.
This functions in a way to offer an appropriate runtime environment for the application.
The LAMP Stack
LAMP stack. the open-source software that gets used for creating attractive web applications was the first open-source tech stack to be introduced in the market. LAMP is considered to be one of the most economical options available for you, LAMP is a preferred choice mainly because of the easy availability of LAMP stack developers and its reach in the market. It aids to develop large-scale applications with much ease.
The tech stack LAMP comprises four components namely:
The operating system of the application makes up to be the first layer of the stack.
This remains as the webserver software of the application that puts up the responsibility of translating from web browsers to their correct website and gets the right webpage to the user.
This database layer of your stack stores details that can be queried through scripting to construct a website or web app.
PHP is the server-side scripting language that combines all the other parts of the LAMP system.
The MERN Stack
This tech is the same as the MEAN stack except that the Angular JS is replaced by React JS. Irrespective of any variant used MERN is the ideal framework in the market. A lot of new developers who at the fast response to coding and effective user interface focus on ReactJS, chose MERN stack to have dynamic web interfaces.
Certain criteria are important to analyze along with your requirement even before proceeding with a tech-stack selection. For instance:
Plot Your Project Size:
On planning an MVP (Minimum Viable Product ) a PHP/Node.js-Angular or Python-Django stack can be enough. Also,
for a basic landing page, ready-made CMS solutions like WordPress, OpenCart, etc. can help.
An online store application demands more of a complex stack with multiple layers and languages in that scenario opting for the tech stacks LAMP, MEAN, or MERN would be a good choice.
For high-end global enterprise-level applications or social networks, an extremely efficient stack would contribute to the requirement. For instance, the core technologies like Angular-Node.js, Ruby on Rails, Python-Django with MySQL or PostgreSQL as database could make an effective stack.
Simply communicate your requirement to our professional developers and make the needed mix-and-match!
The time factor also influences the tech stack as the size of the project is directly proportional to the time it’ll take for development. Choose the tech stack that supports time-to-market aspects and third-party integration. On this note, the MEAN stack has a flexible approach to third-party coding and so you may count on this.
Finally, the budget which indeed is a crucial concern, and when it comes to developing a stunning, and user-friendly application, cost-consideration often gets subsided to many. Saying so, most of the frameworks and tools mentioned in the blog are open source. So, if you can engage with our professional web application development team, you can come up with the desired application with the planned development cost.
As we gear up for future advancements and technologies, it is important to recognize and appreciate the efforts of developers. They work effortlessly with all types of web frameworks and API support materials available to offer a convenient means of shaping this future.
Hoping that the above information has helped you to grow a better insight into selecting the right tech stack for your project. For any more assistance, feel free to reach Calibraint.
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